|Marital Choices of African and Turkish Migration Descent in France|
|Out of a survey with about a hundred African (Tunisia, Algeria, Moroccan and west-African francophonian countries) and Turkish migration descent in France conducted from 2006 to 2007, we will try understand the marital choices of these young migration generations. Many of them still do endogamous choices: they met their wives and husbands of same origin in France or in the home country of their parents (marriage migration). How can we interpret that those individuals, born or socialised since early age in the French society, grown up in multicultural neighbourhoods and schools, still opt for marital choices with partners of same origin? One challenge of this research is to show that they are bound in contradictory ties. On one side they share the lifestyles and future aspirations with their pears of various origins and on the other side they still respect norms and cultural models of their parents.
Through out their experiences we will try to show how they juggle with these different ties and belongings and how they deal with the family transmissions. Facing the parental normative demands (virginity for marriage, leaving parentsí house only when establishing a family on their own), how do these young women and men find a partner and how do they explain their choices. In some cases parents propose spouses to their children, in some extreme cases; they even force them to marry. In all other cases, parents might react differently, sometimes negotiations go on for a long time and sometimes they accept more easily. How, in regards to these different situations, marital life and relations with the family/family in law are established? When the partner is a French women or men, without Moslem native belonging the parental reaction is often very negative and it needs a long time to normalize family relations.
But of course, these young people with migrant origin do not only reproduce the parental norms, our study will present some of the changes they introduce while being a member of current French society. Matrimonial choice in life course study is an excellent analyser of changing living patterns. Family socialisation, school education, job integration and social housing context are all parameters to take into account to understand how these young women and men manage juggling with family norms.