|How urban newcomers use spiritual kinships : Lyons in the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries|
|The population of Lyons is quite changed between the seventeenth and the eighteenth centuries : there is an important growth coming from countryside. But there are also newcomers from foreign countries having long lasting contacts with Lyons (Switzerland, Italy)
These new inhabitants of Lyons participate in social networks, for instance when they have to choose a godfather and a godmother for their child .
My paper is about the effects of their geographical origin on the creating and using these spiritual kinships.
Is there a correlation between this geographical origin and the use of professional kinships or family kinships when one chooses a godfather or a godmother ?
Let’s imagine a father whose family lives in Lyons for a long time. Does he prefer family kinships to professional kinships ? On the contrary, let’s imagine a father who has just arrived. Does he give preference to professional kinships ? Is it a voluntary choice, in order to settle in urban society ? Is it an inevitable choice, through lack of family kinships in Lyons ?
Does this choice between professional kinships and family kinships depend on the distance between Lyons and their place of origin ?
In order to answer these questions, we have to take into account various parameters which can influence on this newcomer’s choice. The determining factors are for instance professional and social position, religion (if he comes from Switzerland and professes Protestant religion…).
The point of view is original in the following sense : the focus is on newcomers, a social group which is on the fringe of society. The aim of the paper is to show that newcomers can settle in urban society thanks to spiritual kinships