|Women in- and after the Great War. Habsburg monarchy and succesor states.|
|The focus of the paper are the changes caused by World War I in the definition of feminity and masculinity in the public debate on the Habsburg Monarchy and its successor states (particularly Czechoslovakia, Austria and Hungary). The aim of the presentation is to characterise the changes in social constructions of gender roles in the contemporary law, and therefore in the real social situation of men and women.
The discussions about the reform of voting right in the beginning of 20th century and the effort for the ‘Totalansatz’ during the war have ultimately changed the view on the women’s role in the society. The expansion of women’s professional study and their access to so-called men’s professions during the war were crucial for change in attitude towards women’s professional realisation in ‘public space’. The political change (dissolved Habsburg Monarchy and foundation of new states) meant the final break-through, expressed in general voting rights, including women. Similarly the legal situation of men and especially women was democratised and liberalised in the family law.|