|Mobility and search for employment (Austria from the late 19th century to 1938)|
|In 1898 the government of the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy initiated a survey to record and evaluate existing forms of job placement. The resulting study shows a broad variety of public and private forms of labour exchange, which was in many cases related to the organization and support of wandering. Labour exchange was not only a business; it also meant influence on the labour market and on working conditions. Therefore the government’s attempts to push public labour exchange and to fight the private labour exchange misuse were not generally welcomed. Thus, even when a network of public unemployment offices was established after World War I alternative forms of labour exchange and unemployment support persisted. Rambling remained a possibility to survive and find employment too, even more for those who did not receive unemployment benefit.
The paper discusses the interrelation job search and spatial mobility. Of particular interest are public and private institutions which supported and organized internal mobility.