All rooms are equipped with an overhead projector
Rooms C, D, E, F, G and H (H only on Saturday): slide projector (framed slides, carrousel. There are extra carrousels available to set up your presentation in advance)
Rooms C, D, M, N, O, U and Committee Room 2: beamer to connect your laptop. You have to bring you own laptop. (If you want to use your Apple notebook, please contact us, as it may be incompatible.)
Rooms C, T and U: VCR
|Migration, Ethnicity and Spatial Politics in the New Poland, 1918-24|
|During the years of 1918-1924, newly independent Poland embarked on a systematic ‘nationalisation’ of the state, its administration and military forces, leaving very few opportunities for non-Poles to participate. In so doing, it was forced to accommodate, both physically on its territory and figuratively in its national community, numerous categories of returnees and migrants. When one takes into consideration the new state’s ethnic diversity (according to the census of 1921, Poles made up 69 per cent of the total population, Ukrainians 14 per cent, Jews 8 percent, Belarusians 4 per cent, Germans 4 per cent), it is no wonder that concerns about nationality issues occupied such an important place in policy towards immigrants.
This paper will explore the Polish state’s attitudes and policies towards re-emigrants, repatriates and refugees of non-Polish nationality who aspired to settle - in some cases, to return and resettle - on its national territory. Especially with regard to the eastern borderlands, the government tried by various means to obstruct the settlement of these groups. Like the other new states in Eastern Europe, Polish policy towards all categories of immigrant, especially those from the lands of the former Russian Empire, was governed by an awareness of its own uncertain future, threatened from the west by a resurgent Germany, and – first of all – the looming danger of Bolshevism in the east. Polish suspicions that Jewish migrants favoured Bolshevism strengthened the new state’s existing anti-Semitism. Other considerations influenced attitudes towards Belarusian and other immigrants. As this paper will demonstrate, the Polish state developed in response to its concerns a highly complex and difficult system of granting non-Poles citizenship and thus membership of the new national community.